#guru #teaching #education #moderneducation #knoweldge #aimofeducation
The Sanskrit word ‘Guru’ means ‘one who leads you from darkness or ignorance to the light or knowledge. According to Advayataraka Upanishad, the syllable ‘gu’ means darkness and the syllable ‘ru’ means he who dispels them,Because of the power to dispel darkness, the guru is thus named.
The aim of education in ancient India was attainment of salvation or self-realization. Guru or a teacher in Vedic Age (BC 2000 to BC 600) was considered as a ‘spiritual father’ of his disciples, who lead them towards the goal of life – salvation.
Modern education, with its over- crowded curriculum neglects values and give over emphasis to the grades. This stands as a great barrier on the path of natural development of individuals. Modern education makes individuals, professionally qualified money-making machines with little human values.
Ancient Indian educationalists gave importance to values such as truth, spirituality, non-violence, simplicity, self realization etc. The Sanskrit word ‘Purshartha’ denotes objectives or values of human life. According to Hinduism, the four objectives or ‘Purusharthas” of life are Righteousness (Dharma), Material wealth (Artha), Desire (Kama), and Salvation (Moksha).
Though we use the words ‘Teacher’, ‘Guru’ and ‘Acharya’ interchangeably, there are a lot of differences between these terms with regard to their roles and importance in the society. The term ‘Acharya’ literally means ‘one who teaches by conduct.’ The disparity between these terms should be reduced.
According to Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, good teachers could generate enlightened minds and instill confidence and willpower in students to help them realize their dreams. Thus the present day teachers have to assume the role of gurus to create enlightened citizens and not money-making machines. Also, our schools should be transformed to knowledge and skill centers. A good teacher should be able to make the students lifelong autonomous learners. It should be their responsibility to make the child a leader rather than a follower.
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